Baixa da Banheira

Baixa da Banheira, was made town in 1984, is bathed North by the Tagus estuary and is among the ancient towns of Alhos Vedros and Lavradio.

Foto Baixa da BanheiraThe area now occupied was once called by the name of the owners of farms how work the land by it’s geographical accidents (eg "Baixa Serra," "Alto Serra") or even by
other details that with time were falling into oblivion.

Site of Banheira, Banheira Place, The Lowlands of Banheira of Tagus are only some of the names which over time is possible, through records from various eras, referr to the location of the current Baixa da Banheira.

The name of the town was given by the low lands around the stretch of a small inlet of the river Tagus, called "Banheira Alhos Vedros." The initial core of the town was founded at the beginning of the century and depended fully of the rail system in 1863.

The fishing crafts, the rail transport and relocation of some cork factories from Algarve to the town of Alhos Vedros brought with it many workers and due to the lack of housing in town, resorted to Baixa da Banheira, where the accommodation was more accessible.

Foto Baixa da BanheiraIn the 50’s, Baixa da Banheira was know by the nickname of "Xangai" in allusion to some street vendors of Asian origin, who did their business there. It was not in any way a compliment to the land and its people, quite the contrary.

Baixa da Banheira is a name with origins very old and its up to all "Banheirenses," to prestige it, and link it to a pleasant land to live, and where its wealth is their people.

In terms of recent history, Baixa da Banheira began almost in 30/40 years with the arrival of many families from the Algarve, Tras-os-Montes, Alentejo (among others), who sought work in big factories in the region such as CP, CUF, the shipping industry, and cork transformation factories.

Although today’s population has already started to have other origins, particularly in areas of services in the area of Lisbon, the base of its population is working people with great spirit of brotherhood and solidarity that is guided by a democratic and progressive attitude.

Foto Baixa da BanheiraFrom the 50’s, there was a new migration, from people who sought ways for their livelihood by taking advantage of the expansion of the CUF Group in Lavradio and by the installation of National Steel in Paio Pires or the birth of other small industries in the vicinity.

In 1975, with the end of the Colonial War and the consequent independence of the former overseas colonies marked the advent of so-called "returnees" leading to
people of Baixa da Banheira and Vale da Amoreira (a neighbour town), to grow to an appreciable extent.

Also, the proximity of Lisbon and the opportunity to get better economic housing conditions, has made this town a suburban area of the big city.

Baixa da Banheira of the future will necessarily be the junction of several
origins mixed in the spirit of participation that remains and will give all a better life.